SHAFFERv.HOWARD, Auditor of State of Oklahoma, et al.

249 U.S. 200

249 U.S. 200

39 S.Ct. 255

63 L.Ed. 559

HOWARD, Auditor of State of Oklahoma, et al.

No. 375.

Argued Dec. 13, 1918.

Decided March 10, 1919.

Messrs. Malcolm E. Rosser and George S. Ramsey, both of Muskogee, Okl., for appellant.

Mr. S. P. Freeling, of Oklahoma City, for appellees.

Memorandum opinion by Mr. Chief Justice WHITE.


This suit was commenced against E. B. Howard, auditor of the state of Oklahoma, and John S. Woofter, sheriff of Creek county in that state, to enjoin such officials from enforcing a tax levied under the law of Oklahoma on the ground of the repugnancy of such tax to the Constitution of the United States. The court refused an injunction and dismissed the bill for want of equity, and the case was brought her.


Counsel for both parties having stated in answer to an inquiry on the subject submitted to them by the court while the cause was pending after argument under submission that the term of office of the defendant officials had expired and their successors had qualified, and that there was no law of the state of Oklahoma authorizing a revival or continuance of the cause of action against such successors, it follows that the controversy has become merely moot and that we have no authority to further consider or dispose of it. Warner Valley Stock Co. v. Smith, 165 U. S. 28, 34, 17 Sup. Ct. 225, 41 L. Ed. 621; Chandler v. Dix, 194 U. S. 590, 592, 24 Sup. Ct. 766, 48 L. Ed. 1129; Pullman Co. v. Croom, 231 U. S. 571, 575, 34 Sup. Ct. 182, 58 L. Ed. 375.


True it is that counsel in agreeing as to the statement above referred to suggest that, although the successors in office of the former defendants intend in the discharge of their official duties to enforce the tax complained of unless enjoined from doing so, nevertheless, in view of the importance to the people of the state that the subject-matter of the controversy be here determined, now request a decision of the pending cause irrespective of the disappearance of the parties defendant. But the absence of power which results from such disappearance cannot be supplied by the request referred to, since after all it amounts to but a suggestion that that be done which there is no authority to do; in other words that the cause be decided in the absence of the parties whose presence is essential to its decision. United States v. Boutwell, 17 Wall. 604, 609, 21 L. Ed. 721; United States ex rel. Bernardin v. Butterworth, 169 U. S. 600, 609, 18 Sup. Ct. 441, 42 L. Ed. 873; Pullman Co. v. Croom, 231 U. S. 571, 576, 34 Sup. Ct. 182, 58 L. Ed. 375.


It follows therefore that the decree below must be reversed, and the cause be remanded, with directions to dismiss the bill for want of proper parties;


And it is so ordered.